Although cosmetic products don’t require pre-market approval, that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t test them. Manufacturers of cosmetics are legally required to ensure their products are safe when used as directed. Testing your cosmetics protects consumers, as well as the company by ensuring you have done your due diligence. Here are 5 reasons cosmetic manufacturers should test their products.
Safety should be the top priority for any company making products for consumers, regardless of the industry. Most cosmetic products get applied temporarily to the skin, and some to sensitive areas such as around the eyes. Cosmetics are also constantly evolving; new ingredients, new combinations, and new applications. Failing to safety test a product could result in permanent damage to the area it’s applied to or other long term health effects for the consumer. This in turn puts your company at risk of a lawsuit, action from a regulatory agency, or recalls. It’s best for everyone involved to avoid the situation in first place.
You can use safety data already available for individual ingredients from suppliers, as well as data from similarly formulated products. Any gaps in this data should be tested for by the manufacturer. Basic skin compatibility should be assessed with a Human Repeat Insult Patch Test (HRIPT). This test evaluates both irritation and the potential to produce skin sensitization. Depending on the intended use of a cosmetic, other tests may also be required.
Resource: Cosmetics Ingredient Review website
Although cosmetics don’t get pre-market approval, companies must follow all regulations set out for marketing their products. There is no global harmonization of cosmetic regulations, so you must have both your ingredients and labels reviewed for each country you intend to sell your products in.
Ensuring you produce a high quality product makes sure that consumers keep buying it. Testing your product will help determine whether it will be stable enough to sit in warehouses, trucks, and shelves before sale. Then, it also has to maintain the same quality for a reasonable time after the consumer has opened and started using it. Some of the quality tests include odour or colour changes, mould growth, and separation. Products should be tested for preservative efficacy, to have confidence that the product can withstand microorganisms that it may come into contact with. You should also check to see if your product is consistent from one production lot to the next. Are there variations in colour, odour, or consistency? If so, you need to investigate and understand them so that they can be eliminated.
4. Product Planning
The results of your quality and safety testing will help you know what needs to appear on your product label. This could be storage instructions, when to use the product by, and areas to avoid when applying it. The testing results can also highlight minor improvements for the next product or reformulation.
By using suppliers and labs that do their tests in-vitro instead on in-vivo, you can legally advertise that your brand and product has no connection animal testing. This is becoming a popular demand for cosmetic products from a wide range of consumer groups and regulatory agencies.
Taking the extra time to properly plan for and test your products protects both you and consumers. It ensures that you can consistently deliver quality products and be a brand consumers can trust. It can also provide you with extra marketing material, and directions for future product growth.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact Focal Point Research Inc. We are industry leading Cosmetic Regulatory Consultants that you can trust to help guide your company in the right direction.